State and Local Law Enforcement Response to Transnational Crime

The author(s) shown below used Federal funds provided by the U.S.
Department of Justice and prepared the following final report:

Document Title: State and Local Law Enforcement Response to
Transnational Crime

Author(s): Caliber Associates

Document No.: 209521

Date Received: April 2005

Award Number: ASP-T-046

This report has not been published by the U.S. Department of Justice.
To provide better customer service, NCJRS has made this Federally-
funded grant final report available electronically in addition to
traditional paper copies.

Opinions or points of view expressed are those
of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect
the official position or policies of the U.S.
Department of Justice.

STATE AND LOCAL LAW
ENFORCEMENT RESPONSE TO
TRANSNATIONAL CRIME –
Task Order T-046

FINAL REPORT

Prepared by:

Caliber Associates
10530 Rosehaven Street, Suite 400
Fairfax, Virginia 22030
(703) 385-3200

Prepared for:

U.S. Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
National Institute of Justice
810 7th St., NW
Washington, DC 20531

March 2, 2005 (revised)

This document is a research report submitted to the U.S. Department of Justice. This report has not
been published by the Department. Opinions or points of view expressed are those of the author(s)
and do not necessarily reflect the official position or policies of the U.S. Department of Justice.
The measure of excellence 2
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. OVERVIEW OF PROJECT................................................................................................3
1.1 PROJECT RESEARCH QUESTIONS.......................................................................................3
1.2 PROJECT DELIVERABLES..................................................................................................4
1.3 ORGANIZATION OF REPORT..............................................................................................4
2. LITERATURE REVIEW....................................................................................................5
2.1 THE NATURE OF TRANSNATIONAL CRIME.........................................................................5
2.2 STRUCTURE OF LAW ENFORCEMENT AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR TRANSNATIONAL CRIME7
2.3 BARRIERS TO COLLABORATION........................................................................................8
2.4 IMPACT OF TRANSNATIONAL CRIME ON LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT................................9
2.5 IDENTIFYING AND ANTICIPATING TRANSNATIONAL CRIME.............................................11
2.6 PRINCIPLES OF EFFECTIVE RESPONSES TO TRANSNATIONAL CRIME................................12
2.7 PRINCIPLES OF EFFECTIVE LOCAL-FEDERAL PARTNERSHIPS...........................................13
2.8 CRITICAL ISSUES IN IMPROVING LOCAL-FEDERAL PARTNERSHIPS..................................14
3. METHODS AND MAIN FINDINGS................................................................................17
3.1 SECONDARY ANALYSIS OF NIJ NATIONAL SURVEY OF LAW ENFORCEMENT...................18
3.2 CONTENT ANALYSES OF TRANSCRIPT FROM TAG MEETING...........................................20
3.3 KEY INFORMANT INTERVIEWS........................................................................................22
3.4 CASE SCENARIO ANALYSES............................................................................................25
4. DISCUSSION......................................................................................................................27
4.1 IDENTIFICATION PRACTICES...........................................................................................28
4.2 RESPONSE STRATEGIES..................................................................................................34
5. RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUDING COMMENTS....................................44
5.1 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR OPERATIONAL PRACTICE/GUIDELINES....................................44
5.2 TRAINING RECOMMENDATIONS:.....................................................................................49
5.3 NEXT STEPS FOR RESEARCH...........................................................................................52
REFERENCES.............................................................................................................................55
APPENDIX A: TASK ACTIVITY SUMMARY
APPENDIX B: FOUR REPORTS
B1. Secondary analysis of national survey data
B2. Content analyses of the transcript from the project TAG meeting
B3. Key informant interviews
B4. Two case scenario analyses
APPENDIX C: TRAINING OUTLINE
This document is a research report submitted to the U.S. Department of Justice. This report has not
been published by the Department. Opinions or points of view expressed are those of the author(s)
and do not necessarily reflect the official position or policies of the U.S. Department of Justice.
Caliber Associates 3
1. OVERVIEW OF PROJECT
This final report was developed by Caliber Associates as part of a project for the National
Institute of Justice (NIJ) to identify and provide guidance on the development of tools and
strategies to help advance the capacities of state and local law enforcement to identify and
respond to transnational crime. The findings provide state and local law enforcement with
advice on sound operational practice derived from this research.
Prior to this project, NIJ sponsored a national survey of law enforcement practitioners to
examine the extent of the transnational crime problem from the perspective of state and local law
enforcement, the local resources devoted to transnational crime, perceptions of resource needs,
and the extent of cooperation among local, state, federal and foreign law enforcement
organizations. Using the results of this survey and new research, this project has identified some
“next steps” to providing local and state law enforcement with tools to identify and respond to
transnational crime.
1.1 Project research questions
The major research questions for this project revolved around identification practices and
response strategies for state and local law enforcement in the area of transnational crime.
Identification practice questions

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